Inertia is based on (RVI) smoothed using .
In physics, inertia is the tendency of an object to resist to acceleration. Dorsey chose this name because he believes that trend and inertia are related and that it takes more effort and energy to reverse the direction of a stock or market than to keep it in the same direction. He argues that the is the simplest and most accurate measure of inertia.
When the indicator is below 50, it signals market sentiment and when the indicator is above 50 it signals a .