Extended fibo rfa**Descripción del Indicador: Niveles de Extensión de Fibonacci Basados en el Alto y Bajo del Día Anterior**
Este indicador dibuja automáticamente los niveles de extensión de Fibonacci basados en el rango del día anterior, utilizando el precio más alto y el más bajo como puntos de referencia para calcular proyecciones de precios potenciales. El propósito de estos niveles es ayudar a los traders a identificar posibles zonas de soporte y resistencia en el marco intradía, así como áreas clave para la toma de beneficios y entradas/salidas en el mercado.
### Parámetros:
- **Alto y Bajo del Día Anterior**: El indicador utiliza el máximo y mínimo del día anterior para calcular los niveles de Fibonacci. Estos son puntos de referencia importantes que permiten estimar el impulso del precio actual en función de la tendencia anterior.
- **Niveles de Extensión**: Los niveles de extensión de Fibonacci principales (por defecto) suelen incluir 0%, 50%, 100%, 161.8%, y -161.8%. Estos niveles pueden ajustarse para adaptarse a las preferencias del usuario.
Funcionalidades del Indicador:
- **Dibujo Automático de Niveles**: Al iniciar la sesión de trading, el indicador traza automáticamente los niveles de extensión, permitiendo al trader visualizar proyecciones de precios basadas en la acción del día anterior.
- **Opciones de Personalización**: Permite al usuario ajustar los niveles de Fibonacci según sus necesidades, además de elegir el estilo, grosor y color de las líneas.
- **Compatibilidad Multi-timeframe**: El indicador se adapta a distintos marcos temporales para análisis intradía o de más largo plazo, dependiendo de la estrategia de cada trader.
### Uso en Estrategias de Trading:
- **Detección de Soporte y Resistencia**: Los niveles de extensión de Fibonacci se utilizan para identificar zonas donde el precio podría encontrar resistencia o soporte, especialmente en movimientos de continuación de tendencia.
- **Puntos de Toma de Ganancias y Stop Loss**: Los niveles de extensión también sirven para definir objetivos de toma de beneficios en operaciones y posibles niveles de salida en caso de reversión del precio.
Este indicador es especialmente útil para traders que siguen tendencias y buscan puntos de entrada o salida en función del impulso del precio. Su capacidad de proyección hace que sea una herramienta poderosa para anticipar movimientos de continuación o reversión en el mercado.

# Regressions

Machine Learning: Logistic Regression (v.3) ASHU this is a updated script for automating trading for mt5

Half Trend Regression [AlgoAlpha]Introducing the Half Trend Regression indicator by AlgoAlpha, a cutting-edge tool designed to provide traders with precise trend detection and reversal signals. This indicator uniquely combines linear regression analysis with ATR-based channel offsets to deliver a dynamic view of market trends. Ideal for traders looking to integrate statistical methods into their analysis to improve trade timing and decision-making.
Key Features
🎨 Customizable Appearance : Adjust colors for bullish (green) and bearish (red) trends to match your charting preferences.
🔧 Flexible Parameters : Configure amplitude, channel deviation, and linear regression length to tailor the indicator to different time frames and trading styles.
📈 Dynamic Trend Line : Utilizes linear regression of high, low, and close prices to calculate a trend line that adapts to market movements.
🚀 Trend Direction Signals : Provides clear visual signals for potential trend reversals with plotted arrows on the chart.
📊 Adaptive Channels : Incorporates ATR-based channel offsets to account for market volatility and highlight potential support and resistance zones.
🔔 Alerts : Set up alerts for bullish or bearish trend changes to stay informed of market shifts in real-time.
How to Use
🛠 Add the Indicator : Add the Half Trend Regression indicator to your chart from the TradingView library. Access the settings to customize parameters such as amplitude, channel deviation, and linear regression length to suit your trading strategy.
📊 Analyze the Trend : Observe the plotted trend line and the filled areas under it. A green fill indicates a bullish trend, while a red fill indicates a bearish trend.
🔔 Set Alerts : Use the built-in alert conditions to receive notifications when a trend reversal is detected, allowing you to react promptly to market changes.
How It Works
The Half Trend Regression indicator calculates linear regression lines for the high, low, and close prices over a specified period to determine the general direction of the market. It then computes moving averages and identifies the highest and lowest points within these regression lines to establish a dynamic trend line. The trend direction is determined by comparing the moving averages and previous price levels, updating as new data becomes available. To account for market volatility, the indicator calculates channels above and below the trend line, offset by a multiple of half the Average True Range (ATR). These channels help visualize potential support and resistance zones. The area under the trend line is filled with color corresponding to the current trend direction—green for bullish and red for bearish. When the trend direction changes, the indicator plots arrows on the chart to signal a potential reversal, and alerts can be set up to notify you. By integrating linear regression and ATR-based channels, the indicator provides a comprehensive view of market trends and potential reversal points, aiding traders in making informed decisions.
Enhance your trading strategy with the Half Trend Regression indicator by AlgoAlpha and gain a statistical edge in the markets! 🌟📊

Linear Regression Channel UltimateKey Features and Benefits
Logarithmic scale option for improved analysis of long-term trends and volatile markets
Activity-based profiling using either touch count or volume data
Customizable channel width and number of profile fills
Adjustable number of most active levels displayed
Highly configurable visual settings for optimal chart readability
Why Logarithmic Scale Matters
The logarithmic scale option is a game-changer for analyzing assets with exponential growth or high volatility. Unlike linear scales, log scales represent percentage changes consistently across the price range. This allows for:
Better visualization of long-term trends
More accurate comparison of price movements across different price levels
Improved analysis of volatile assets or markets experiencing rapid growth
How It Works
The indicator calculates a linear regression line based on the specified period
Upper and lower channel lines are drawn at a customizable distance from the regression line
The space between the channel lines is divided into a user-defined number of levels
For each level, the indicator tracks either:
- The number of times price touches the level (touch count method)
- The total volume traded when price is at the level (volume method)
The most active levels are highlighted based on this activity data
Understanding Touch Count vs Volume
Touch count method: Useful for identifying key support/resistance levels based on price action alone
Volume method: Provides insight into levels where the most trading activity occurs, potentially indicating stronger support/resistance
Practical Applications
Trend identification and strength assessment
Support and resistance level discovery
Entry and exit point optimization
Volume profile analysis for improved market structure understanding
This Linear Regression Channel indicator combines powerful statistical analysis with flexible visualization options, making it an invaluable tool for traders and analysts across various timeframes and markets. Its unique features, especially the logarithmic scale and activity profiling, provide deeper insights into market behavior and potential turning points.

Alpine Predictive BandsAlpine Predictive Bands - ADX & Trend Projection is an advanced indicator crafted to estimate potential price zones and trend strength by integrating dynamic support/resistance bands, ADX-based confidence scoring, and linear regression-based price projections. Designed for adaptive trend analysis, this tool combines multi-timeframe ADX insights, volume metrics, and trend alignment for improved confidence in trend direction and reliability.
Key Calculations and Components:
Linear Regression for Price Projection:
Purpose: Provides a trend-based projection line to illustrate potential price direction.
Calculation: The Linear Regression Centerline (LRC) is calculated over a user-defined lookbackPeriod. The slope, representing the rate of price movement, is extended forward using predictionLength. This projected path only appears when the confidence score is 70% or higher, revealing a white dotted line to highlight high-confidence trends.
Adaptive Prediction Bands:
Purpose: ATR-based bands offer dynamic support/resistance zones by adjusting to volatility.
Calculation: Bands are calculated using the Average True Range (ATR) over the lookbackPeriod, multiplied by a volatilityMultiplier to adjust the width. These shaded bands expand during higher volatility, guiding traders in identifying flexible support/resistance zones.
Confidence Score (ADX, Volume, and Trend Alignment):
Purpose: Reflects the reliability of trend projections by combining ADX, volume status, and EMA alignment across multiple timeframes.
ADX Component: ADX values from the current timeframe and two higher timeframes assess trend strength on a broader scale. Strong ADX readings across timeframes boost the confidence score.
Volume Component: Volume strength is marked as “High” or “Low” based on a moving average, signaling trend participation.
Trend Alignment: EMA alignment across timeframes indicates “Bullish” or “Bearish” trends, confirming overall trend direction.
Calculation: ADX, volume, and trend alignment integrate to produce a confidence score from 0% to 100%. When the score exceeds 70%, the white projection line is activated, underscoring high-confidence trend continuations.
User Guide
Projection Line: The white dotted line, which appears only when the confidence score is 70% or higher, highlights a high-confidence trend.
Prediction Bands: Adaptive bands provide potential support/resistance zones, expanding with market volatility to help traders visualize price ranges.
Confidence Score: A high score indicates a stronger, more reliable trend and can support trend-following strategies.
Settings
Prediction Length: Determines the forward length of the projection.
Lookback Period: Sets the data range for calculating regression and ATR.
Volatility Multiplier: Adjusts the width of bands to match volatility levels.
Disclaimer: This indicator is for educational purposes and does not guarantee future price outcomes. Additional analysis is recommended, as trading carries inherent risks.

Chande Momentum Oscillator StrategyThe Chande Momentum Oscillator (CMO) Trading Strategy is based on the momentum oscillator developed by Tushar Chande in 1994. The CMO measures the momentum of a security by calculating the difference between the sum of recent gains and losses over a defined period. The indicator offers a means to identify overbought and oversold conditions, making it suitable for developing mean-reversion trading strategies (Chande, 1997).
Strategy Overview:
Calculation of the Chande Momentum Oscillator (CMO):
The CMO formula considers both positive and negative price changes over a defined period (commonly set to 9 days) and computes the net momentum as a percentage.
The formula is as follows:
CMO=100×(Sum of Gains−Sum of Losses)(Sum of Gains+Sum of Losses)
CMO=100×(Sum of Gains+Sum of Losses)(Sum of Gains−Sum of Losses)
This approach distinguishes the CMO from other oscillators like the RSI by using both price gains and losses in the numerator, providing a more symmetrical measurement of momentum (Chande, 1997).
Entry Condition:
The strategy opens a long position when the CMO value falls below -50, signaling an oversold condition where the price may revert to the mean. Research in mean-reversion, such as by Poterba and Summers (1988), supports this approach, highlighting that prices often revert after sharp movements due to overreaction in the markets.
Exit Conditions:
The strategy closes the long position when:
The CMO rises above 50, indicating that the price may have become overbought and may not provide further upside potential.
Alternatively, the position is closed 5 days after the buy signal is triggered, regardless of the CMO value, to ensure a timely exit even if the momentum signal does not reach the predefined level.
This exit strategy aligns with the concept of time-based exits, reducing the risk of prolonged exposure to adverse price movements (Fama, 1970).
Scientific Basis and Rationale:
Momentum and Mean-Reversion:
The strategy leverages the well-known phenomenon of mean-reversion in financial markets. According to research by Jegadeesh and Titman (1993), prices tend to revert to their mean over short periods following strong movements, creating opportunities for traders to profit from temporary deviations.
The CMO captures this mean-reversion behavior by monitoring extreme price conditions. When the CMO reaches oversold levels (below -50), it signals potential buying opportunities, whereas crossing overbought levels (above 50) indicates conditions for selling.
Market Efficiency and Overreaction:
The strategy takes advantage of behavioral inefficiencies and overreactions, which are often the drivers behind sharp price movements (Shiller, 2003). By identifying these extreme conditions with the CMO, the strategy aims to capitalize on the market’s tendency to correct itself when price deviations become too large.
Optimization and Parameter Selection:
The 9-day period used for the CMO calculation is a widely accepted timeframe that balances responsiveness and noise reduction, making it suitable for capturing short-term price fluctuations. Studies in technical analysis suggest that oscillators optimized over such periods are effective in detecting reversals (Murphy, 1999).
Performance and Backtesting:
The strategy's effectiveness is confirmed through backtesting, which shows that using the CMO as a mean-reversion tool yields profitable opportunities. The use of time-based exits alongside momentum-based signals enhances the reliability of the strategy by ensuring that trades are closed even when the momentum signal alone does not materialize.
Conclusion:
The Chande Momentum Oscillator Trading Strategy combines the principles of momentum measurement and mean-reversion to identify and capitalize on short-term price fluctuations. By using a widely tested oscillator like the CMO and integrating a systematic exit approach, the strategy effectively addresses both entry and exit conditions, providing a robust method for trading in diverse market environments.
References:
Chande, T. S. (1997). The New Technical Trader: Boost Your Profit by Plugging into the Latest Indicators. John Wiley & Sons.
Fama, E. F. (1970). Efficient Capital Markets: A Review of Theory and Empirical Work. The Journal of Finance, 25(2), 383-417.
Jegadeesh, N., & Titman, S. (1993). Returns to Buying Winners and Selling Losers: Implications for Stock Market Efficiency. The Journal of Finance, 48(1), 65-91.
Murphy, J. J. (1999). Technical Analysis of the Financial Markets: A Comprehensive Guide to Trading Methods and Applications. New York Institute of Finance.
Poterba, J. M., & Summers, L. H. (1988). Mean Reversion in Stock Prices: Evidence and Implications. Journal of Financial Economics, 22(1), 27-59.
Shiller, R. J. (2003). From Efficient Markets Theory to Behavioral Finance. Journal of Economic Perspectives, 17(1), 83-104.

Ultimate Oscillator Trading StrategyThe Ultimate Oscillator Trading Strategy implemented in Pine Script™ is based on the Ultimate Oscillator (UO), a momentum indicator developed by Larry Williams in 1976. The UO is designed to measure price momentum over multiple timeframes, providing a more comprehensive view of market conditions by considering short-term, medium-term, and long-term trends simultaneously. This strategy applies the UO as a mean-reversion tool, seeking to capitalize on temporary deviations from the mean price level in the asset’s movement (Williams, 1976).
Strategy Overview:
Calculation of the Ultimate Oscillator (UO):
The UO combines price action over three different periods (short-term, medium-term, and long-term) to generate a weighted momentum measure. The default settings used in this strategy are:
Short-term: 6 periods (adjustable between 2 and 10).
Medium-term: 14 periods (adjustable between 6 and 14).
Long-term: 20 periods (adjustable between 10 and 20).
The UO is calculated as a weighted average of buying pressure and true range across these periods. The weights are designed to give more emphasis to short-term momentum, reflecting the short-term mean-reversion behavior observed in financial markets (Murphy, 1999).
Entry Conditions:
A long position is opened when the UO value falls below 30, indicating that the asset is potentially oversold. The value of 30 is a common threshold that suggests the price may have deviated significantly from its mean and could be due for a reversal, consistent with mean-reversion theory (Jegadeesh & Titman, 1993).
Exit Conditions:
The long position is closed when the current close price exceeds the previous day’s high. This rule captures the reversal and price recovery, providing a defined point to take profits.
The use of previous highs as exit points aligns with breakout and momentum strategies, as it indicates sufficient strength for a price recovery (Fama, 1970).
Scientific Basis and Rationale:
Momentum and Mean-Reversion:
The strategy leverages two well-established phenomena in financial markets: momentum and mean-reversion. Momentum, identified in earlier studies like those by Jegadeesh and Titman (1993), describes the tendency of assets to continue in their direction of movement over short periods. Mean-reversion, as discussed by Poterba and Summers (1988), indicates that asset prices tend to revert to their mean over time after short-term deviations. This dual approach aims to buy assets when they are temporarily oversold and capitalize on their return to the mean.
Multi-timeframe Analysis:
The UO’s incorporation of multiple timeframes (short, medium, and long) provides a holistic view of momentum, unlike single-period oscillators such as the RSI. By combining data across different timeframes, the UO offers a more robust signal and reduces the risk of false entries often associated with single-period momentum indicators (Murphy, 1999).
Trading and Market Efficiency:
Studies in behavioral finance, such as those by Shiller (2003), show that short-term inefficiencies and behavioral biases can lead to overreactions in the market, resulting in price deviations. This strategy seeks to exploit these temporary inefficiencies, using the UO as a signal to identify potential entry points when the market sentiment may have overly pushed the price away from its average.
Strategy Performance:
Backtests of this strategy show promising results, with profit factors exceeding 2.5 when the default settings are optimized. These results are consistent with other studies on short-term trading strategies that capitalize on mean-reversion patterns (Jegadeesh & Titman, 1993). The use of a dynamic, multi-period indicator like the UO enhances the strategy’s adaptability, making it effective across different market conditions and timeframes.
Conclusion:
The Ultimate Oscillator Trading Strategy effectively combines momentum and mean-reversion principles to trade on temporary market inefficiencies. By utilizing multiple periods in its calculation, the UO provides a more reliable and comprehensive measure of momentum, reducing the likelihood of false signals and increasing the profitability of trades. This aligns with modern financial research, showing that strategies based on mean-reversion and multi-timeframe analysis can be effective in capturing short-term price movements.
References:
Fama, E. F. (1970). Efficient Capital Markets: A Review of Theory and Empirical Work. The Journal of Finance, 25(2), 383-417.
Jegadeesh, N., & Titman, S. (1993). Returns to Buying Winners and Selling Losers: Implications for Stock Market Efficiency. The Journal of Finance, 48(1), 65-91.
Murphy, J. J. (1999). Technical Analysis of the Financial Markets: A Comprehensive Guide to Trading Methods and Applications. New York Institute of Finance.
Poterba, J. M., & Summers, L. H. (1988). Mean Reversion in Stock Prices: Evidence and Implications. Journal of Financial Economics, 22(1), 27-59.
Shiller, R. J. (2003). From Efficient Markets Theory to Behavioral Finance. Journal of Economic Perspectives, 17(1), 83-104.
Williams, L. (1976). Ultimate Oscillator. Market research and technical trading analysis.

Volume-Supported Linear Regression Trend TableThe "Volume-Supported Linear Regression Trend Table" (VSLRT Table) script helps traders identify buy and sell opportunities by analyzing price trends and volume dynamics across multiple timeframes. It uses linear regression to calculate the trend direction and volume strength, visually representing this data with color-coded signals on the chart and in a table. Green signals indicate buying opportunities, while red signals suggest selling, with volume acting as confirmation of trend strength. Traders can use these signals for both short and long positions, with additional risk management and multi-timeframe validation to enhance the strategy.
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To use the "Volume-Supported Linear Regression Trend Table" (VSLRT Table) script in a trading strategy, you would incorporate it into your decision-making process to identify potential buy and sell opportunities based on the trend and volume dynamics. Here’s how you could apply it for trading:
1. Understanding the Key Elements:
Trend Direction (Slope of Price): The script uses linear regression to assess the trend direction of the price. If the price slope is positive, the asset is likely in an uptrend; if it's negative, the asset is in a downtrend.
Volume-Backed Signals: The buy or sell signal is not only based on the price trend but also on volume. Volume is crucial in validating the strength of a trend; large volume often indicates strong interest in a direction.
2. Interpreting the Table and Signals:
The table displayed at the bottom-right of your TradingView chart gives you a clear overview of the trends across different timeframes:
Trend Colors:
Green hues (e.g., ccol11, ccol12, etc.): Indicate a buying trend supported by volume.
Red hues (e.g., ccol21, ccol22, etc.): Indicate a selling trend supported by volume.
Gray: Indicates weak or unclear trends where no decisive direction is present.
Buy/Sell Signals:
The script plots triangles on the chart:
Upward triangle below the bar signals a potential buy.
Downward triangle above the bar signals a potential sell.
3. Building a Trading Strategy:
Here’s how you can incorporate the script’s information into a trading strategy:
Buy Signal (Long Entry):
Look for green triangles (indicating a buy signal) below a bar.
Confirm that the trend color in the table for the relevant timeframe is green, which shows that the buy signal is supported by strong volume.
Ensure that the price is in an uptrend (positive slope) and that volume is increasing on upward moves, as this indicates buying interest.
Execute a long position when these conditions align.
Sell Signal (Short Entry):
Look for red triangles (indicating a sell signal) above a bar.
Confirm that the trend color in the table for the relevant timeframe is red, which shows that the sell signal is supported by strong volume.
Ensure that the price is in a downtrend (negative slope) and that volume is increasing on downward moves, indicating selling pressure.
Execute a short position when these conditions align.
Exiting the Trade:
Exit a long position when a sell signal (red triangle) appears, or when the trend color in the table shifts to red.
Exit a short position when a buy signal (green triangle) appears, or when the trend color in the table shifts to green.
4. Multi-Timeframe Confirmation:
The script provides trends across multiple timeframes (tf1, tf2, tf3), which can help in validating your trade:
Short-Term Trading: Use shorter timeframes (e.g., 3, 5 minutes) for intraday trades. If both short and medium timeframes align in trend direction (e.g., both showing green), it strengthens the signal.
Longer-Term Trading: If you are trading on a higher timeframe (e.g., daily or weekly), confirm that the lower timeframes align with your intended trade direction.
5. Adding Risk Management:
Stop-Loss: Place stop-losses below recent lows (for long trades) or above recent highs (for short trades) to minimize risk.
Take Profit: Consider taking profit at key support/resistance levels or based on a fixed risk-to-reward ratio (e.g., 2:1).
Example Strategy Flow:
For Long (Buy) Trade:
Signal: A green triangle appears below a candle (Buy signal).
Trend Confirmation: Check that the color in the table for your selected timeframe is green, confirming the trend is supported by volume.
Execute Long: Enter a long trade if the price is trending upward (positive price slope).
Exit Long: Exit when a red triangle appears above a candle (Sell signal) or if the trend color shifts to red in the table.
For Short (Sell) Trade:
Signal: A red triangle appears above a candle (Sell signal).
Trend Confirmation: Check that the color in the table for your selected timeframe is red, confirming the trend is supported by volume.
Execute Short: Enter a short trade if the price is trending downward (negative price slope).
Exit Short: Exit when a green triangle appears below a candle (Buy signal) or if the trend color shifts to green in the table.
6. Fine-Tuning:
Backtesting: Before trading live, use TradingView’s backtesting features to test the strategy on historical data and optimize the settings (e.g., length of linear regression, timeframe).
Combine with Other Indicators: Use this strategy alongside other technical indicators (e.g., RSI, MACD) for better confirmation.
In summary, the script helps identify trends with volume support, giving more confidence in buy/sell decisions. Combining these signals with risk management and multi-timeframe analysis can create a solid trading strategy.

Linear Regression ChannelLinear Regression Channel Indicator
Overview:
The Linear Regression Channel Indicator is a versatile tool designed for TradingView to help traders visualize price trends and potential reversal points. By calculating and plotting linear regression channels, bands, and future projections, this indicator provides comprehensive insights into market dynamics. It can highlight overbought and oversold conditions, identify trend direction, and offer visual cues for future price movements.
Key Features:
Linear Regression Bands:
Input: Plot Linear Regression Bands
Description: Draws bands based on linear regression calculations, representing overbought and oversold levels.
Customizable Parameters:
Length: Defines the look-back period for the regression calculation.
Deviation: Determines the width of the bands based on standard deviations.
Linear Regression Channel:
Input: Plot Linear Regression Channel
Description: Plots a channel using linear regression to visualize the main trend.
Customizable Parameters:
Channel Length: Defines the look-back period for the channel calculation.
Deviation: Determines the channel's width.
Future Projection Channel:
Input: Plot Future Projection of Linear Regression
Description: Projects a linear regression channel into the future, aiding in forecasting potential price movements.
Customizable Parameters:
Length: Defines the look-back period for the projection calculation.
Deviation: Determines the width of the projected channel.
Arrow Direction Indicator:
Input: Plot Arrow Direction
Description: Displays directional arrows based on future projection, indicating expected price movement direction.
Color-Coded Price Bars:
Description: Colors the price bars based on their position within the regression bands or channel, providing a heatmap-like visualization.
Dynamic Visualization:
Colors: Uses a gradient color scheme to highlight different conditions, such as uptrend, downtrend, and mid-levels.
Labels and Markers: Plots visual markers for significant price levels and conditions, enhancing interpretability.
Usage Notes
Setting the Length:
Adjust the look-back period (Length) to suit the timeframe you are analyzing. Shorter lengths are responsive to recent price changes, while longer lengths provide a broader view of the trend.
Interpreting Bands and Channels:
The bands and channels help identify overbought and oversold conditions. Price moving above the upper band or channel suggests overbought conditions, while moving below the lower band or channel indicates oversold conditions.
Using the Future Projection:
Enable the future projection channel to anticipate potential price movements. This can be particularly useful for setting target prices or stop-loss levels based on expected trends.
Arrow Direction Indicator:
Use the arrow direction indicator to quickly grasp the expected price movement direction. An upward arrow indicates a potential uptrend, while a downward arrow suggests a potential downtrend.
Color-Coded Price Bars:
The color of the price bars changes based on their relative position within the regression bands or channel. This heatmap visualization helps quickly identify bullish, bearish, and neutral conditions.
Dynamic Adjustments:
The indicator dynamically adjusts its visual elements based on user settings and market conditions, ensuring that the most relevant information is always displayed.
Visual Alerts:
Pay attention to the labels and markers on the chart indicating significant events, such as crossovers and breakouts. These visual alerts help in making informed trading decisions.
The Linear Regression Channel Indicator is a powerful tool for traders looking to enhance their technical analysis. By offering multiple regression-based visualizations and customizable parameters, it helps identify key market conditions, trends, and potential reversal points. Whether you are a day trader or a long-term investor, this indicator can provide valuable insights to improve your trading strategy.

Leading Indicator by Parag RautBreakdown of the Leading Indicator:
Linear Regression (LRC):
A linear regression line is used to estimate the current trend direction. When the price is above or below the regression line, it indicates whether the price is deviating from its mean, signaling potential reversals.
Rate of Change (ROC):
ROC measures the momentum of the price over a set period. By using thresholds (positive or negative), we predict that the price will continue in the same direction if momentum is strong enough.
Leading Indicator Calculation:
We calculate the difference between the price and the linear regression line. This is normalized using the standard deviation of price over the same period, giving us a leading signal based on price divergence from the mean trend.
The leading indicator is used to forecast changes in price behavior by identifying when the price is either stretched too far from the mean (indicating a potential reversal) or showing strong momentum in a particular direction (predicting trend continuation).
Buy and Sell Signals:
Buy Signal: Generated when ROC is above a threshold and the leading indicator shows the price is above the regression line.
Sell Signal: Generated when ROC is below a negative threshold and the leading indicator shows the price is below the regression line.
Visual Representation:
The indicator oscillates around zero. Values above zero signal potential upward price movements, while values below zero signal potential downward movements.
Background colors highlight potential buy (green) and sell (red) areas based on our conditions.
How It Works as a Leading Indicator:
This indicator attempts to predict price movements before they happen by combining the trend (via linear regression) and momentum (via ROC).
When the price significantly diverges from the trendline and momentum supports a continuation, it signals a potential entry point (either buy or sell).
It is leading in that it anticipates price movement before it becomes fully apparent in the market.
Next Steps:
You can adjust the length of the linear regression and ROC to fine-tune the indicator’s sensitivity to your trading style.
This can be combined with other indicators or used as part of a larger strategy

Aurous - Horizontal Rays Define Pip Size:
Since 1 pip for XAUUSD is usually considered as 0.1, the pip Size is set to 0.1. A 50-pip interval is therefore 50 * 0.1 = 5.0.
Nearest Pip Level Calculation:
We find the nearest 50-pip level based on the current price of XAUUSD. The formula nearestPipLevel = round(close / pipInterval) * pipInterval rounds the current price to the nearest multiple of the 50-pip interval.
Loop for Multiple Lines:
We use a loop that runs from -20 to 20 to plot horizontal ray lines 50 pips above and below the current price. The range (-20 to 20) ensures there are enough lines plotted both above and below the price.
Horizontal Ray Lines:
The line.new function is used to draw the horizontal rays, extending to the right.
Plot Current Price:
We also plot the closing price with a blue line to make it easier to track the price against the horizontal rays.

Connors RSI with Down GapThe Connors RSI with Down Gap indicator is a technical tool designed to support Larry Connors' Terror Gap Strategy, which is part of his broader framework outlined in the book "Buy the Fear, Sell the Greed: 7 Behavioral Quant Strategies for Traders." This specific indicator integrates the ConnorsRSI calculation with a focus on detecting down gaps in price, providing insights into moments when panic selling may occur.
The ConnorsRSI
ConnorsRSI is a composite indicator developed by Larry Connors that combines three core components:
RSI: A short-term relative strength index measuring the speed and magnitude of price changes.
Streak RSI: Tracks consecutive up or down closes to assess momentum.
Percent Rank: Evaluates how the current close ranks in relation to past prices.
When combined, these three elements provide a nuanced view of short-term overbought or oversold conditions. ConnorsRSI readings below a certain threshold (commonly 30 or lower) suggest that the asset has been heavily sold, indicating potential exhaustion of selling pressure.
Behavioral Finance Insights
The Terror Gap Strategy is grounded in principles from behavioral finance, which studies how psychological factors affect market participants' decision-making. Specifically, the indicator exploits the fear and irrational behavior that often arise when traders face persistent losses, especially after a down gap. According to behavioral finance theories like prospect theory (Kahneman & Tversky, 1979), people tend to overreact to losses, leading to panic selling. This creates opportunities for contrarian traders who understand the psychology behind these market movements.
The ConnorsRSI with Down Gap indicator works because it identifies:
Overextended selling through the ConnorsRSI, where persistent price declines result in low RSI values (indicating panic).
Gap down days, where the opening price is below the previous day’s close, typically amplifying the sense of loss and fear for traders already in losing positions.
Why This Indicator Works
The psychology of losses makes traders more prone to selling during periods of fear, especially when confronted with a gap down after sustained price declines. This indicator, by combining ConnorsRSI with down gaps, offers a quantitative way to spot these moments of panic. Traders can take advantage of these signals to enter positions when the market is in a state of fear, often when there is potential for a reversion to the mean.
Indicator Mechanics
In the current implementation:
The ConnorsRSI is calculated using three components: a short-term RSI, streak RSI, and percent rank.
When the ConnorsRSI drops below a user-defined lower threshold, the indicator highlights oversold conditions.
If there is a down gap (open price lower than the previous close) and the ConnorsRSI is below the threshold, a label is displayed, signaling a potential opportunity to buy.
Practical Use and Application
For traders looking to implement the Terror Gap Strategy, this indicator provides a clear visual cue (via background coloring and labels) when conditions are ripe for a contrarian trade. It can be particularly useful for traders who thrive on taking advantage of fear-driven sell-offs.
However, to fully understand and apply this strategy effectively, it is recommended to purchase Larry Connors' book "Buy the Fear, Sell the Greed." The book provides detailed explanations of how to execute the strategy with precision, including insights into exit conditions, scaling into positions, and managing risk.
Conclusion
The ConnorsRSI with Down Gap indicator combines quantitative analysis with behavioral finance principles to exploit fear-driven market behavior. By utilizing this tool within a disciplined trading strategy, traders can potentially profit from temporary market inefficiencies caused by panic selling.
References
Kahneman, D., & Tversky, A. (1979). Prospect theory: An analysis of decision under risk. Econometrica, 47(2), 263-291.
Connors, L. (2013). Buy the Fear, Sell the Greed: 7 Behavioral Quant Strategies for Traders.
This indicator can be a valuable asset, but understanding its proper use within a broader strategy framework is essential. Purchasing Connors' book is a recommended step toward mastering the approach.

Larry Conners SMTP StrategyThe Spent Market Trading Pattern is a strategy developed by Larry Connors, typically used for short-term mean reversion trading. This strategy takes advantage of the exhaustion in market momentum by entering trades when the market is perceived as "spent" after extended trends or extreme moves, expecting a short-term reversal. Connors uses indicators like RSI (Relative Strength Index) and price action patterns to identify these opportunities.
Key Elements of the Strategy:
Overbought/Oversold Conditions: The strategy looks for extreme overbought or oversold conditions, often indicated by low RSI values (below 30 for oversold and above 70 for overbought).
Mean Reversion: Connors believed that markets, especially in short-term scenarios, tend to revert to the mean after periods of strong momentum. The "spent" market is assumed to have expended its energy, making a reversal likely.
Entry Signals:
In an uptrend, a stock or market index making a significant number of consecutive up days (e.g., 5-7 consecutive days with higher closes) indicates overbought conditions.
In a downtrend, a similar number of consecutive down days indicates oversold conditions.
Reversal Anticipation: Once an extreme in price movement is identified (such as consecutive gains or losses), the strategy places trades anticipating a reversion to the mean, which is usually the 5-day or 10-day moving average.
Exit Points: Trades are exited when prices move back toward their mean or when the extreme conditions dissipate, usually based on RSI or moving average thresholds.
Why the Strategy Works:
Human Psychology: The strategy capitalizes on the fact that markets, in the short term, often behave irrationally due to the emotions of traders—fear and greed lead to overextended moves.
Mean Reversion Tendency: Financial markets often exhibit mean-reverting behavior, where prices temporarily deviate from their historical norms but eventually return. Short-term exhaustion after a strong rally or sell-off offers opportunities for quick profits.
Overextended Moves: Markets that rise or fall too quickly tend to become overextended, as buyers or sellers get exhausted, making reversals more probable. Connors’ approach identifies these moments when the market is "spent" and ripe for a reversal.
Risks of the Spent Market Trading Pattern Strategy:
Trend Continuation: One of the key risks is that the market may not revert as expected and instead continues in the same direction. In trending markets, mean-reversion strategies can suffer because strong trends can last longer than anticipated.
False Signals: The strategy relies heavily on technical indicators like RSI, which can produce false signals in volatile or choppy markets. There can be times when a market appears "spent" but continues in its current direction.
Market Timing: Mean reversion strategies often require precise market timing. If the entry or exit points are mistimed, it can lead to losses, especially in short-term trades where small price movements can significantly impact profitability.
High Transaction Costs: This strategy requires frequent trades, which can lead to higher transaction costs, especially in markets with wide bid-ask spreads or high commissions.
Conclusion:
Larry Connors’ Spent Market Trading Pattern strategy is built on the principle of mean reversion, leveraging the concept that markets tend to revert to a mean after extreme moves. While effective in certain conditions, such as range-bound markets, it carries risks—especially during strong trends—where price momentum may not reverse as quickly as expected.
For a more in-depth explanation, Larry Connors’ books such as "Short-Term Trading Strategies That Work" provide a comprehensive guide to this and other strategies .

Connors VIX Reversal III invented by Dave LandryThis strategy is based on trading signals derived from the behavior of the Volatility Index (VIX) relative to its 10-day moving average. The rules are split into buying and selling conditions:
Buy Conditions:
The VIX low must be above its 10-day moving average.
The VIX must close at least 10% above its 10-day moving average.
If both conditions are met, a buy signal is generated at the market's close.
Sell Conditions:
The VIX high must be below its 10-day moving average.
The VIX must close at least 10% below its 10-day moving average.
If both conditions are met, a sell signal is generated at the market's close.
Exit Conditions:
For long positions, the strategy exits when the VIX trades intraday below its previous day’s 10-day moving average.
For short positions, the strategy exits when the VIX trades intraday above its previous day’s 10-day moving average.
This strategy is primarily a mean-reversion strategy, where the market is expected to revert to a more normal state after the VIX exhibits extreme behavior (i.e., large deviations from its moving average).
About Dave Landry
Dave Landry is a well-known figure in the world of trading, particularly in technical analysis. He is an author, trader, and educator, best known for his work on swing trading strategies. Landry focuses on trend-following and momentum-based techniques, teaching traders how to capitalize on shorter-term price swings in the market. He has written books like "Dave Landry on Swing Trading" and "The Layman's Guide to Trading Stocks," which emphasize practical, actionable trading strategies.
About Connors Research
Connors Research is a financial research firm known for its quantitative research in financial markets. Founded by Larry Connors, the firm specializes in developing high-probability trading systems based on historical market behavior. Connors’ work is widely respected for its data-driven approach, including systems like the RSI(2) strategy, which focuses on short-term mean reversion. The firm also provides trading education and tools for institutional and retail traders alike, emphasizing strategies that can be backtested and quantified.
Risks of the Strategy
While this strategy may appear to offer promising opportunities to exploit extreme VIX movements, it carries several risks:
Market Volatility: The VIX itself is a measure of market volatility, meaning the strategy can be exposed to sudden and unpredictable market swings. This can result in whipsaws, where positions are opened and closed in rapid succession due to sharp reversals in the VIX.
Overfitting: Strategies based on specific conditions like the VIX closing 10% above or below its moving average can be subject to overfitting, meaning they work well in historical tests but may underperform in live markets. This is a common issue in quantitative trading systems that are not adaptable to changing market conditions .
Mean-Reversion Assumption: The core assumption behind this strategy is that markets will revert to their mean after extreme movements. However, during periods of sustained trends (e.g., market crashes or rallies), this assumption may break down, leading to prolonged drawdowns.
Liquidity and Slippage: Depending on the asset being traded (e.g., S&P 500 futures, ETFs), liquidity issues or slippage could occur when executing trades at market close, particularly in volatile conditions. This could increase costs or worsen trade execution.
Scientific Explanation of the Strategy
The VIX is often referred to as the "fear gauge" because it measures the market's expectations of volatility based on options prices. Research has shown that the VIX tends to spike during periods of market stress and revert to lower levels when conditions stabilize . Mean reversion strategies like this one assume that extreme VIX levels are unsustainable in the long run, which aligns with findings from academic literature on volatility and market behavior.
Studies have found that the VIX is inversely correlated with stock market returns, meaning that higher VIX levels often correspond to lower stock prices and vice versa . By using the VIX’s relationship with its 10-day moving average, this strategy aims to capture reversals in market sentiment. The 10% threshold is designed to identify moments when the VIX is significantly deviating from its norm, signaling a potential reversal.
However, academic research also highlights the limitations of relying on the VIX alone for trading signals. The VIX does not predict market direction, only volatility, meaning that it cannot indicate the magnitude of price movements . Furthermore, extreme VIX levels can persist longer than expected, particularly during financial crises.
In conclusion, while the strategy is grounded in well-established financial principles (e.g., mean reversion and the relationship between volatility and market performance), it carries inherent risks and should be used with caution. Backtesting and careful risk management are essential before applying this strategy in live markets.

Larry Conners Vix Reversal II Strategy (approx.)This Pine Script™ strategy is a modified version of the original Larry Connors VIX Reversal II Strategy, designed for short-term trading in market indices like the S&P 500. The strategy utilizes the Relative Strength Index (RSI) of the VIX (Volatility Index) to identify potential overbought or oversold market conditions. The logic is based on the assumption that extreme levels of market volatility often precede reversals in price.
How the Strategy Works
The strategy calculates the RSI of the VIX using a 25-period lookback window. The RSI is a momentum oscillator that measures the speed and change of price movements. It ranges from 0 to 100 and is often used to identify overbought and oversold conditions in assets.
Overbought Signal: When the RSI of the VIX rises above 61, it signals a potential overbought condition in the market. The strategy looks for a RSI downtick (i.e., when RSI starts to fall after reaching this level) as a trigger to enter a long position.
Oversold Signal: Conversely, when the RSI of the VIX drops below 42, the market is considered oversold. A RSI uptick (i.e., when RSI starts to rise after hitting this level) serves as a signal to enter a short position.
The strategy holds the position for a minimum of 7 days and a maximum of 12 days, after which it exits automatically.
Larry Connors: Background
Larry Connors is a prominent figure in quantitative trading, specializing in short-term market strategies. He is the co-author of several influential books on trading, such as Street Smarts (1995), co-written with Linda Raschke, and How Markets Really Work. Connors' work focuses on developing rules-based systems using volatility indicators like the VIX and oscillators such as RSI to exploit mean-reversion patterns in financial markets.
Risks of the Strategy
While the Larry Connors VIX Reversal II Strategy can capture reversals in volatile market environments, it also carries significant risks:
Over-Optimization: This modified version adjusts RSI levels and holding periods to fit recent market data. If market conditions change, the strategy might no longer be effective, leading to false signals.
Drawdowns in Trending Markets: This is a mean-reversion strategy, designed to profit when markets return to a previous mean. However, in strongly trending markets, especially during extended bull or bear phases, the strategy might generate losses due to early entries or exits.
Volatility Risk: Since this strategy is linked to the VIX, an instrument that reflects market volatility, large spikes in volatility can lead to unexpected, fast-moving market conditions, potentially leading to larger-than-expected losses.
Scientific Literature and Supporting Research
The use of RSI and VIX in trading strategies has been widely discussed in academic research. RSI is one of the most studied momentum oscillators, and numerous studies show that it can capture mean-reversion effects in various markets, including equities and derivatives.
Wong et al. (2003) investigated the effectiveness of technical trading rules such as RSI, finding that it has predictive power in certain market conditions, particularly in mean-reverting markets .
The VIX, often referred to as the “fear index,” reflects market expectations of volatility and has been a focal point in research exploring volatility-based strategies. Whaley (2000) extensively reviewed the predictive power of VIX, noting that extreme VIX readings often correlate with turning points in the stock market .
Modified Version of Original Strategy
This script is a modified version of Larry Connors' original VIX Reversal II strategy. The key differences include:
Adjusted RSI period to 25 (instead of 2 or 4 commonly used in Connors’ other work).
Overbought and oversold levels modified to 61 and 42, respectively.
Specific holding period (7 to 12 days) is predefined to reduce holding risk.
These modifications aim to adapt the strategy to different market environments, potentially enhancing performance under specific volatility conditions. However, as with any system, constant evaluation and testing in live markets are crucial.
References
Wong, W. K., Manzur, M., & Chew, B. K. (2003). How rewarding is technical analysis? Evidence from Singapore stock market. Applied Financial Economics, 13(7), 543-551.
Whaley, R. E. (2000). The investor fear gauge. Journal of Portfolio Management, 26(3), 12-17.

Stationarity Test: Dickey-Fuller & KPSS [Pinescriptlabs]
📊 Kwiatkowski-Phillips-Schmidt-Shin Model Indicator & Dickey-Fuller Test 📈
This algorithm performs two statistical tests on the price spread between two selected instruments: the first from the current chart and the second determined in the settings. The purpose is to determine if their relationship is stationary. It then uses this information to generate **visual signals** based on how far the current relationship deviates from its historical average.
⚙️ Key Components:
• 🧪 ADF Test (Augmented Dickey-Fuller):** Checks if the spread between the two instruments is stationary.
• 🔬 KPSS Test (Kwiatkowski-Phillips-Schmidt-Shin):** Another test for stationarity, complementing the ADF test.
• 📏 Z-Score Calculation:** Measures how many standard deviations the current spread is from its historical mean.
• 📊 Dynamic Threshold:** Adjusts the trading signal threshold based on recent market volatility.
🔍 What the Values Mean:
The indicator displays several key values in a table:
• 📈 ADF Stationarity:** Shows "Stationary" or "Non-Stationary" based on the ADF test result.
• 📉 KPSS Stationarity:** Shows "Stationary" or "Non-Stationary" based on the KPSS test result.
• 📏 Current Z-Score:** The current Z-score of the spread.
• 🔗 Hedge Ratio:** The relationship coefficient between the two instruments.
• 🌐 Market State:** Describes the current market condition based on the Z-score.
📊 How to Interpret the Chart:
• The main chart displays the Z-score of the spread over time.
• The green and red lines represent the upper and lower thresholds for trading signals.
• The area between the **Z-score** and the thresholds is filled when a trading signal is active.
• Additional charts show the **statistics of the ADF and KPSS tests** and their critical values.
**📉 Practical Example: NVIDIA Corporation (NVDA)**
Looking at the chart for **NVIDIA Corporation (NVDA)**, we can see how the indicator applies in a real case:
1. **Main Chart (Top):**
• Shows the **historical price** of NVIDIA on a weekly scale.
• A general **uptrend** is observed with periods of consolidation.
2. **KPSS & ADF Indicator (Bottom):**
• The lower chart shows the KPSS & ADF Model indicator applied to NVIDIA.
• The **green line** represents the Z-score of the spread.
• The **green shaded areas** indicate periods where the Z-score exceeded the thresholds, generating trading signals.
3. **📋 Current Values in the Table:**
• **ADF Stationarity:** Non-Stationary
• **KPSS Stationarity:** Non-Stationary
• **Current Z-Score:** 3.45
• **Hedge Ratio:** -164.8557
• **Market State:** Moderate Volatility
4. **🔍 Interpretation:**
• A Z-score of **3.45** suggests that NVIDIA’s price is significantly above its historical average relative to **EURUSD**.
• Both the **ADF** and **KPSS** tests indicate **non-stationarity**, suggesting **caution** when using mean reversion signals at this moment.
• The market state "Moderate Volatility" indicates noticeable deviation, but not extreme.
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**💡 Usage:**
• **When Both Tests Show Stationarity:**
• **🔼 If Z-score > Upper Threshold:** Consider **buying the first instrument** and **selling the second**.
• **🔽 If Z-score < Lower Threshold:** Consider **selling the first instrument** and **buying the second**.
• **When Either Test Shows Non-Stationarity:**
• Wait for the relationship to become **stationary** before trading.
• **Market State:**
• Use this information to evaluate **general market conditions** and adjust your trading strategy accordingly.
**Mirror Comparison of the Same as Symbol 2 🔄📊**
**📊 Table Values:**
• **Extreme Volatility Threshold:** This value is displayed when the **Z-score** exceeds **100%**, indicating **extreme deviation**. It signals a potential **trading opportunity**, as the spread has reached unusually high or low levels, suggesting a **reversion or correction** in the market.
• **Mean Reversion Threshold:** Appears when the **Z-score** begins returning towards the mean after a period of **high or extreme volatility**. It indicates that the spread between the assets is returning to normal levels, suggesting a phase of **stabilization**.
• **Neutral Zone:** Displayed when the **Z-score** is near **zero**, signaling that the spread between assets is within expected limits. This indicates a **balanced market** with no significant volatility or clear trading opportunities.
• **Low Volatility Threshold:** Appears when the **Z-score** is below **70%** of the dynamic threshold, reflecting a period of **low volatility** and market stability, indicating fewer trading opportunities.
Español:
📊 Indicador del Modelo Kwiatkowski-Phillips-Schmidt-Shin & Prueba de Dickey-Fuller 📈
Este algoritmo realiza dos pruebas estadísticas sobre la diferencia de precios (spread) entre dos instrumentos seleccionados: el primero en el gráfico actual y el segundo determinado en la configuración. El objetivo es determinar si su relación es estacionaria. Luego utiliza esta información para generar señales visuales basadas en cuánto se desvía la relación actual de su promedio histórico.
⚙️ Componentes Clave:
• 🧪 Prueba ADF (Dickey-Fuller Aumentada): Verifica si el spread entre los dos instrumentos es estacionario.
• 🔬 Prueba KPSS (Kwiatkowski-Phillips-Schmidt-Shin): Otra prueba para la estacionariedad, complementando la prueba ADF.
• 📏 Cálculo del Z-Score: Mide cuántas desviaciones estándar se encuentra el spread actual de su media histórica.
• 📊 Umbral Dinámico: Ajusta el umbral de la señal de trading en función de la volatilidad reciente del mercado.
🔍 Qué Significan los Valores:
El indicador muestra varios valores clave en una tabla:
• 📈 Estacionariedad ADF: Muestra "Estacionario" o "No Estacionario" basado en el resultado de la prueba ADF.
• 📉 Estacionariedad KPSS: Muestra "Estacionario" o "No Estacionario" basado en el resultado de la prueba KPSS.
• 📏 Z-Score Actual: El Z-score actual del spread.
• 🔗 Ratio de Cobertura: El coeficiente de relación entre los dos instrumentos.
• 🌐 Estado del Mercado: Describe la condición actual del mercado basado en el Z-score.
📊 Cómo Interpretar el Gráfico:
• El gráfico principal muestra el Z-score del spread a lo largo del tiempo.
• Las líneas verdes y rojas representan los umbrales superior e inferior para las señales de trading.
• El área entre el Z-score y los umbrales se llena cuando una señal de trading está activa.
• Los gráficos adicionales muestran las estadísticas de las pruebas ADF y KPSS y sus valores críticos.
📉 Ejemplo Práctico: NVIDIA Corporation (NVDA)
Observando el gráfico para NVIDIA Corporation (NVDA), podemos ver cómo se aplica el indicador en un caso real:
Gráfico Principal (Superior): • Muestra el precio histórico de NVIDIA en escala semanal. • Se observa una tendencia alcista general con períodos de consolidación.
Indicador KPSS & ADF (Inferior): • El gráfico inferior muestra el indicador Modelo KPSS & ADF aplicado a NVIDIA. • La línea verde representa el Z-score del spread. • Las áreas sombreadas en verde indican períodos donde el Z-score superó los umbrales, generando señales de trading.
📋 Valores Actuales en la Tabla: • Estacionariedad ADF: No Estacionario • Estacionariedad KPSS: No Estacionario • Z-Score Actual: 3.45 • Ratio de Cobertura: -164.8557 • Estado del Mercado: Volatilidad Moderada
🔍 Interpretación: • Un Z-score de 3.45 sugiere que el precio de NVIDIA está significativamente por encima de su promedio histórico en relación con EURUSD. • Tanto la prueba ADF como la KPSS indican no estacionariedad, lo que sugiere precaución al usar señales de reversión a la media en este momento. • El estado del mercado "Volatilidad Moderada" indica una desviación notable, pero no extrema.
💡 Uso:
• Cuando Ambas Pruebas Muestran Estacionariedad:
• 🔼 Si Z-score > Umbral Superior: Considera comprar el primer instrumento y vender el segundo.
• 🔽 Si Z-score < Umbral Inferior: Considera vender el primer instrumento y comprar el segundo.
• Cuando Alguna Prueba Muestra No Estacionariedad:
• Espera a que la relación se vuelva estacionaria antes de operar.
• Estado del Mercado:
• Usa esta información para evaluar las condiciones generales del mercado y ajustar tu estrategia de trading en consecuencia.
Comparativo en Espejo del Mismo Como Símbolo 2 🔄📊
📊 Valores de la Tabla:
• Umbral de Volatilidad Extrema: Este valor se muestra cuando el Z-score supera el 100%, indicando desviación extrema. Señala una posible oportunidad de trading, ya que el spread entre los activos ha alcanzado niveles inusualmente altos o bajos, lo que podría indicar una reversión o corrección en el mercado.
• Umbral de Reversión a la Media: Aparece cuando el Z-score comienza a volver hacia la media tras un período de alta o extrema volatilidad. Indica que el spread entre los activos está regresando a niveles normales, sugiriendo una fase de estabilización.
• Zona Neutral: Se muestra cuando el Z-score está cerca de cero, señalando que el spread entre activos está dentro de lo esperado. Esto indica un mercado equilibrado con ninguna volatilidad significativa ni oportunidades claras de trading.
• Umbral de Baja Volatilidad: Aparece cuando el Z-score está por debajo del 70% del umbral dinámico, reflejando un período de baja volatilidad y estabilidad del mercado, indicando menos oportunidades de trading.

Tian Di Grid Merge Version 6.0
Strategy Introduction:
1. We know that the exchange can only set a maximum of 100 grids. However, our grid strategy can set a maximum of 350 grids.
2. We have added the modes of proportional and differential warehousing.
3. It should be noted that we have not set any filtering conditions, which means that when the price falls below the grid, we will execute a buy action at the closing price, and when the price falls above the grid, we will execute a sell action;
4. We suggest limiting the trading time cycle to 5 meters, as sometimes errors may appear on TV due to the dense grid or the inability to draw so many grids;
5. Please ensure that the minimum spacing between each grid is not less than 0.1%, as this is extremely difficult to profit from, and on the other hand, it may not function due to excessively dense spacing;
6. The maximum number of grids is 350, and the minimum number is currently 3;
matters needing attention:
Don't choose to go long or short together, and don't choose to go even short or short;
Closing position setting: It is recommended to select it to avoid order accumulation;
Unable to trade: If unable to trade normally, switch to a 1m cycle;
Number of cells: Calculate it yourself, 350 is just the maximum number of cells that can be adjusted;
Grid spacing: minimum 0.1%, below which no profit can be made;
Position value: default is 100u, which is the amount already leveraged;
Multiple investment: The order amount for each order is the same, and there is no need for multiple investment;
Open both long and short positions: You can open multiple positions for one account and open one position for one account. Do not open both long and short positions for the same target at the same time

Enhanced Local Polynomial Regression [Yosiet]Local Polynomial Regression (LPR) is an advanced statistical method that offers a flexible approach to estimating the underlying trend in financial time series data.
The Mathematical Explanation
The core idea of LPR is to fit a polynomial of degree p at each point x using weighted least squares. The weight of each data point decreases with its distance from x, controlled by a kernel function and a bandwidth parameter.
The general form of the local polynomial estimator is:
β̂(x) = argmin Σ K((Xi - x) / h) (Yi - β0 - β1(Xi - x) - ... - βp(Xi - x)^p)^2
Where:
β̂(x) is the vector of estimated coefficients
K is the kernel function
h is the bandwidth
Xi and Yi are the predictor and response variables
p is the degree of the polynomial
Our implementation uses the Epanechnikov kernel:
K(u) = 3/4 * (1 - u^2) for |u| ≤ 1, 0 otherwise
The Implementation
This script implements LPR for the easier way to interpret its values with the following key components:
Input Parameters: Can adjust the lookback period, bandwidth, and polynomial degree.
Kernel Function: The Epanechnikov kernel is used for weighting.
LPR Function: Implements the core algorithm using matrix operations.
Signal Generation: Generates buy/sell signals based on crossovers of smoothed price and LPR results.
How to Use
Apply the indicator to your chart in TradingView.
Adjust the input parameters:
Lookback Period: Controls how many past bars are considered.
Bandwidth: Affects the smoothness of the regression line.
Polynomial Degree: Determines the complexity of the local fit.
Signal Smoothing Length: Adjusts the responsiveness of buy/sell signals.
Monitor buy/sell signals for potential trade entries.
Limitations
Sensitivity to Parameters: The choice of bandwidth and polynomial degree significantly impacts the results.
Lag: Like all trend-following indicators, LPR may lag behind rapid price movements.
Edge Effects: The indicator may be less reliable at the edges of the data (recent bars).
Recommendations
Parameter Optimization: Experiment with different lookback periods, bandwidths, and polynomial degrees to find the best fit for your trading style and timeframe.
Combine with Other Indicators: Use LPR in conjunction with momentum oscillators or volume indicators for confirmation.
Multiple Timeframes: Apply LPR on different timeframes to gain a more comprehensive view of the trend.
Avoid Overfitting: Be cautious of using high polynomial degrees, as they may lead to overfitting on historical data.
Consider Market Conditions: LPR works best in trending markets; be aware of its limitations in ranging or highly volatile conditions.
Backtest Thoroughly: Always backtest strategies based on LPR across different market conditions before live trading.
Conclusion
Local Polynomial Regression offers a sophisticated approach to trend analysis in financial markets. By providing a flexible, adaptive trend line, it can help traders identify potential entry and exit points with greater precision than traditional moving averages. However, like all technical indicators, it should be used as part of a comprehensive trading strategy that includes proper risk management and consideration of fundamental factors.
if you have an strategy or idea and need to make it real through an indicator or trading bot, you can DM or comment

Viking Fun PredictОсобая благодарность за оригинальную идею Александру Горчакову
Индикатор предсказывает вырастет или упадет цена на следующей свече
Индикатор отображает красные или зеленые кружки над каждой из свечей
Зеленый кружок прогноз роста
Красный кружок прогноз падения
Индикатор выдает прогноз для шестой свечи на основе пяти свечей
Индикатор берет цены максимумов и минимумов пяти свечей и усредняет их, получая 5 значений. На основе полученных 5 значений строится линейная регрессия
Если линия линейной регрессии возрастает, то индикатор прогнозирует рост (зеленый кружок)
Если линия линейной регрессии возрастает, то индикатор прогнозирует падение (красный кружок)
Компания Викинг предоставляет профессиональный сервис, позволяющий реализовать арбитражные стратегии и маркет-мейкинг, осуществляет обучение трейдеров-арбитражеров.
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Special thanks for the original idea to Alexander Gorchakov
The indicator predicts whether the price will rise or fall on the next candle
The indicator displays red or green circles above each of the candles
Green circle growth forecast
Red circle forecast of the fall
The indicator gives a forecast for the sixth candle based on five candles
The indicator takes the prices of the highs and lows of five candles and averages them, getting 5 values. Based on the obtained 5 values, a linear regression is constructed
If the linear regression line increases, the indicator predicts growth (green circle)
If the linear regression line increases, the indicator predicts a fall (red circle)
Viking provides a professional service that allows you to implement arbitrage strategies and market making, and provides training for arbitrage traders.

Points of InterestIndicator for displaying a timed, intraday Range of Price as a Point of Interest (POI) that you may want to track when trading as a potential magnet for price. Quite often you will see Price return to prior days price range before continuing to move. This enables you to track specific portions of a Days Trading session to see what has been revisited and what has not yet been re traded to.
The range is tracked for each trading day between the times that you specify in the Inputs ‘POI Time’ parameter You can also set the Time zone of the Range.
It will mark the Range High and Low for the timed range with lines that can be optionally extended and can be customised in terms of colour, style and width.
It will also Plot a line showing the Equilibrium of the range which is 50% from the High to the Low point of price during the time window that you specified in the ‘POI Time’ Parameter. This can also be customised in terms of visibility, colour, style and width.
You can control an optional Label for the POI Equilibrium Line to include a combination of a user defined prefix, the Date that the POI Equilibrium Line’s range is from and the Price Level of the Equilibrium Line. The colour and size of the label is also configurable
This indicator will also track when a POI Equilibrium Line has been traded to or ‘Tapped’. The tracking can be started after a configurable number of minutes have elapsed from the end of the POI Time window. This can also be customised in terms of visibility, colour, style, extended toggle and width.
Optionally Taps of the POI Equilibrium Level can be counted as valid during specific time windows or session of the day - for example only count taps during New York Morning Trading session.
The indicator uses Lower Time Frame data to compute the Range and 50% / Equilibrium Level so will work accurately on Chart Timeframes up to and including Daily with The POI Time specified down to a Minute resolution.

Correlation Clusters [LuxAlgo]The Correlation Clusters is a machine learning tool that allows traders to group sets of tickers with a similar correlation coefficient to a user-set reference ticker.
The tool calculates the correlation coefficients between 10 user-set tickers and a user-set reference ticker, with the possibility of forming up to 10 clusters.
🔶 USAGE
Applying clustering methods to correlation analysis allows traders to quickly identify which set of tickers are correlated with a reference ticker, rather than having to look at them one by one or using a more tedious approach such as correlation matrices.
Tickers belonging to a cluster may also be more likely to have a higher mutual correlation. The image above shows the detailed parts of the Correlation Clusters tool.
The correlation coefficient between two assets allows traders to see how these assets behave in relation to each other. It can take values between +1.0 and -1.0 with the following meaning
Value near +1.0: Both assets behave in a similar way, moving up or down at the same time
Value close to 0.0: No correlation, both assets behave independently
Value near -1.0: Both assets have opposite behavior when one moves up the other moves down, and vice versa
There is a wide range of trading strategies that make use of correlation coefficients between assets, some examples are:
Pair Trading: Traders may wish to take advantage of divergences in the price movements of highly positively correlated assets; even highly positively correlated assets do not always move in the same direction; when assets with a correlation close to +1.0 diverge in their behavior, traders may see this as an opportunity to buy one and sell the other in the expectation that the assets will return to the likely same price behavior.
Sector rotation: Traders may want to favor some sectors that are expected to perform in the next cycle, tracking the correlation between different sectors and between the sector and the overall market.
Diversification: Traders can aim to have a diversified portfolio of uncorrelated assets. From a risk management perspective, it is useful to know the correlation between the assets in your portfolio, if you hold equal positions in positively correlated assets, your risk is tilted in the same direction, so if the assets move against you, your risk is doubled. You can avoid this increased risk by choosing uncorrelated assets so that they move independently.
Hedging: Traders may want to hedge positions with correlated assets, from a hedging perspective, if you are long an asset, you can hedge going long a negatively correlated asset or going short a positively correlated asset.
Grouping different assets with similar behavior can be very helpful to traders to avoid over-exposure to those assets, traders may have multiple long positions on different assets as a way of minimizing overall risk when in reality if those assets are part of the same cluster traders are maximizing their risk by taking positions on assets with the same behavior.
As a rule of thumb, a trader can minimize risk via diversification by taking positions on assets with no correlations, the proposed tool can effectively show a set of uncorrelated candidates from the reference ticker if one or more clusters centroids are located near 0.
🔶 DETAILS
K-means clustering is a popular machine-learning algorithm that finds observations in a data set that are similar to each other and places them in a group.
The process starts by randomly assigning each data point to an initial group and calculating the centroid for each. A centroid is the center of the group. K-means clustering forms the groups in such a way that the variances between the data points and the centroid of the cluster are minimized.
It's an unsupervised method because it starts without labels and then forms and labels groups itself.
🔹 Execution Window
In the image above we can see how different execution windows provide different correlation coefficients, informing traders of the different behavior of the same assets over different time periods.
Users can filter the data used to calculate correlations by number of bars, by time, or not at all, using all available data. For example, if the chart timeframe is 15m, traders may want to know how different assets behave over the last 7 days (one week), or for an hourly chart set an execution window of one month, or one year for a daily chart. The default setting is to use data from the last 50 bars.
🔹 Clusters
On this graph, we can see different clusters for the same data. The clusters are identified by different colors and the dotted lines show the centroids of each cluster.
Traders can select up to 10 clusters, however, do note that selecting 10 clusters can lead to only 4 or 5 returned clusters, this is caused by the machine learning algorithm not detecting any more data points deviating from already detected clusters.
Traders can fine-tune the algorithm by changing the 'Cluster Threshold' and 'Max Iterations' settings, but if you are not familiar with them we advise you not to change these settings, the defaults can work fine for the application of this tool.
🔹 Correlations
Different correlations mean different behaviors respecting the same asset, as we can see in the chart above.
All correlations are found against the same asset, traders can use the chart ticker or manually set one of their choices from the settings panel. Then they can select the 10 tickers to be used to find the correlation coefficients, which can be useful to analyze how different types of assets behave against the same asset.
🔶 SETTINGS
Execution Window Mode: Choose how the tool collects data, filter data by number of bars, time, or no filtering at all, using all available data.
Execute on Last X Bars: Number of bars for data collection when the 'Bars' execution window mode is active.
Execute on Last: Time window for data collection when the `Time` execution window mode is active. These are full periods, so `Day` means the last 24 hours, `Week` means the last 7 days, and so on.
🔹 Clusters
Number of Clusters: Number of clusters to detect up to 10. Only clusters with data points are displayed.
Cluster Threshold: Number used to compare a new centroid within the same cluster. The lower the number, the more accurate the centroid will be.
Max Iterations: Maximum number of calculations to detect a cluster. A high value may lead to a timeout runtime error (loop takes too long).
🔹 Ticker of Reference
Use Chart Ticker as Reference: Enable/disable the use of the current chart ticker to get the correlation against all other tickers selected by the user.
Custom Ticker: Custom ticker to get the correlation against all the other tickers selected by the user.
🔹 Correlation Tickers
Select the 10 tickers for which you wish to obtain the correlation against the reference ticker.
🔹 Style
Text Size: Select the size of the text to be displayed.
Display Size: Select the size of the correlation chart to be displayed, up to 500 bars.
Box Height: Select the height of the boxes to be displayed. A high height will cause overlapping if the boxes are close together.
Clusters Colors: Choose a custom colour for each cluster.

Intraday Percentage Drawdown from ATHTrack Intraday ATH:
The script maintains an intradayATH variable to track the highest price reached during the trading day up to the current point.
This variable is updated whenever a new high is reached.
Calculate Drawdown and Percentage Drawdown:
The drawdown is calculated as the difference between the intradayATH and the current closing price (close).
The percentage drawdown is calculated by dividing the drawdown by the intradayATH and multiplying by 100.
Plot Percentage Drawdown:
The percentageDrawdown is plotted on the chart with a red line to visually represent the drawdown from the intraday all-time high.
Draw Recession Line:
A horizontal red line is drawn at the 20.00 level, labeled "Recession". The line is styled as dotted and has a width of 2 for better visibility.
Draw Correction Line:
A horizontal yellow line is drawn at the 10.00 level, labeled "Correction". The line is styled as dotted and has a width of 2 for better visibility.
Draw All Time High Line:
A horizontal green line is drawn at the 0.0 level to represent the all-time high, labeled "All Time High". The line is styled as dotted and has a width of 2 for better visibility.
This script will display the percentage drawdown along with reference lines at 20% (recession), 10% (correction), and 0% (all-time high).

Linear Regression ChannelLinear Regression Channel with Logarithmic Scale Option
This advanced Linear Regression Channel indicator offers traders a powerful tool for technical analysis, with unique features that set it apart from standard implementations.
Key Features:
Logarithmic Scale Option: One of the most distinctive aspects of this indicator is the ability to switch between classic and logarithmic scales. This feature is particularly valuable for long-term analysis, as it ensures that equal percentage changes are represented equally, regardless of the price level.
Flexible Start Date: Unlike many indicators that rely on a fixed number of periods, this tool allows users to set a specific start date and time. This feature provides precise control over the regression analysis timeframe, enhancing its adaptability to various trading strategies.
Customizable Channel Settings: Users can adjust the upper and lower deviation multipliers, allowing for fine-tuning of the channel width to suit different market conditions and trading styles.
Trend Strength Indicator: An optional feature that displays the strength of the trend based on the Pearson correlation coefficient, offering additional insight into the reliability of the current trend.
Comprehensive Visual Customization: The indicator offers extensive color and style options for the regression line, upper and lower channel lines, and fill areas, allowing traders to create a visually appealing and easy-to-read chart setup.
Extended Line Options: Users can choose to extend the regression lines to the left, right, or both, facilitating projection and analysis of future price movements.
Multiple Alert Conditions: The indicator includes four alert conditions for crossing the upper deviation, lower deviation, and the main regression line in both directions, enhancing its utility for active traders.
Why Choose This Indicator:
The combination of logarithmic scale option and flexible start date setting makes this Linear Regression Channel uniquely suited for both short-term and long-term analysis. The logarithmic scale is particularly beneficial for analyzing assets with significant price changes over time, as it normalizes percentage moves across different price levels. This feature, coupled with the ability to set a precise start date, allows traders to perform more accurate and relevant regression analyses, especially when studying specific market cycles or events.
Moreover, the trend strength indicator and customizable visual elements provide traders with a comprehensive tool that not only identifies potential support and resistance levels but also offers insight into the reliability and strength of the current trend.
In summary, this Linear Regression Channel indicator combines flexibility, precision, and insightful analytics, making it an invaluable tool for traders seeking to enhance their technical analysis capabilities on TradingView.