The standard deviation measure the dispersion of a data set, in short this metric will tell you if your data is on average closer or farther away from the mean. Its one of the most important tools in statistics and living without it is pretty much impossible, without it you can forget about Bollinger-bands, , and even the (ouch this hurt).
Now i don't want to extend myself about the standard deviation since that would require a huge post but i want to show you how to calculate the standard deviation from the stdev pinescript function.
Sum Of The Squares Minus Square Of The Sums
Any metric calculated from a moving average can be classified as "running", this mean that the metric constantly update itself and is not constant, this is why it is better to say "running standard deviation" but its okay. If we use the standard calculation for the standard deviation which would be sqrt( (pow(close - ,2))) we might get something totally different from the stdev function :
In white the pine stdev function and in red the standard calculation of both period 4, its clear that both are not the same, one might try to use the Bessel's correction but that won't do either, this is because most tools will calculate the square root of the "Sum Of The Squares Minus Square Of The Sums" method to estimate the standard deviation
Another way is to use :
a = sqrt( (pow(close,2),length) - pow( (close,length),2))
By returning the difference we might still see some errors :
Nothing relevant of course.
Some of you might already be aware of this but a reminder is always good since it can be confusing to make what can be considered the good standard deviation formula and then have something totally different from the pine function, i hope this post will be useful and that you learned something from it.
Thanks for reading :)
// z = 0.0
// for i = 0 to cycleLen1 - 1
// z := z + (abs(hlc3 - ma))*(abs(hlc3 - ma))
// dev = sqrt(z / cycleLen1)